1. Gingivitis – Mild Gum Disease
Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease, that’s why it is so easy to ignore the first signs. It is an inflammation of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Poor dental hygiene, and consuming high carbohydrate foods can cause mild gum disease. Untreated gingivitis can progress to a higher level of inflammation, called periodontitis.
2. Early Periodontitis
Early periodontal disease means that the patient has a gingival pocket depth of 4 to 5 millimeters approximately. In this condition, the gum bleeds during brushing and flossing and the gum tissue start to draw back. The proper treatment can contain scaling and root planing. It is also important to encourage the patients to brush their teeth regularly with the proper technique and use floss.
3. Moderate Periodontitis
At this stage, moderate levels of bone loss may occur. Gum recession leads to tooth sensitivity and an uncomfortable feeling. Pain around the teeth and bleeding can also occur. When the gums pull away from the teeth, the natural support system weakens, and the teeth can become loose. In this case, the patient has gingival pocket depths of between 6 and 7 millimeters. As part of the treatment, it is essential to clean and sanitize the area inside of the gingival pockets.