Steps of dental implant surgery
The whole implantation procedure (from implantation to final restoration) varies in each case.
|Possible treatments prior to implantation (necessary only is some cases)||Treatment||Healing period|
|removal of fully decayed tooth||sometimes implantation can be done immediately after tooth extraction, while in other cases 3-4 weeks are necessary for bone to heal before implantation|
|bone augmentation||the jaw bone needs 4-6 months healing period before implantation|
|sinus lift (only in case of upper jaw)||after sinus lift minimum 8 months is necessary before implantation|
|Steps of implantation procedure||Treatment||Healing period|
|implant placement or implantation||after implantation jaw bone needs 4-6 months to ossify around implant|
|impression for restoration||after implant exposure doctor takes impression for final restoration|
|fixing abutment and crown||final restoration (crown, bridge, full bridge, overdenture or All-on-4) is made in 5 days|
1. Consultation and planning
During consultation our surgeon or implant specialist evaluates the panoramic X-ray and consult with the patient. If the patient’s general condition and bone tissue are found to make the implant procedure possible, a customized personal treatment plan is prepared. The dentist may order additional examinations or request a CT scan if necessary to check bone mass.
During 100% painless implantation procedure implant is placed in the jaw bone. After the surgical procedure is performed according to the protocol, the patient is given advice and instructions for the healing period (necessary time for the bone recover). If no sufficient bone tissue is available for implantation, a special surgical procedure called bone augmentation or bone graft is provided to replace missing bone tissue.
3. Healing time
During the next 3-6 months (healing time) after implantation, the implant heals under the gum, i.e. the implant integrates in the jaw bone. During this period the patient has to maintain perfect oral hygiene and take medications as instructed.
4. Final restoration
After healing period the final restoration is built on the implant or implants. There are many types of restoration on implants from simple solutions (single crown on one implant or bridge on two implants) to full restorations (full bridge on 6-8 implants, All-on-4 and removable overdentures). The latter restoration solution is often referred to as overdenture.
If you have no teeth in the lower jaw, and are not yet ready for multiple implant placements, a conventional lower denture can be replaced by a removable overdenture.
The long-term success of the implant and the artificial tooth built on it cannot be guaranteed without careful oral hygiene; therefore, it is very important that the patient maintains, and improves if necessary, his or her oral hygiene. After the prosthetic procedure, patients have a check-up examination at least every year to check oral hygiene and the function and stability of the implant.